Leopard geckos primarily eat insects in the wild. Therefore, the most common food that leopard geckos are fed is insects.
Some of the insects available to purchase for your leopard gecko are crickets, mealworms, superworms, wax worms and silk worms. If you use crickets and mealworms as the primary food and wax worms as treats, you should have a happy and well fed gecko.
Crickets are an excellent source of food and nutrition in your leopard gecko’s diet. Circkets can be purchased at your local pet store, and usually cost about 10 cents each.
Most leopard geckos will eat anywhere from 3-8 crickets per day. You should ”gut load” your crickets before feeding them to your gecko. “Gut loading” means that you make sure your circkets are full before the gecko eats them. This practice will help the crickets to pass on the maximum amount of nutrients to your leopard gecko.
You can feed the crickets commercial cricket food and liquid or use a piece of potato and some oats. Oats and potato are readily available in most homes, and are less expensive than cricket food.
It is important that your terrarium isn’t too large, as Crickets are very resourceful and are sometimes difficult for the gecko to catch. If you notice that your gecko is having trouble catching crickets, you may have to remove the rear jumping legs of the cricket.
You should put a few crickets into the terrarium each night, depending on the age of your leopard gecko. Usually about 5 crickets per day is a good amount.
If you purchase a large quantity of crickets at the pet store, you should keep them in a container with air holes. You should leave a small piece of potato, carrot, or apple for the crickets to eat in your cricket storage container.
You can also put a small piece of food in the terrarium to help draw out the crickets and make them easier to catch.
Mealworms and Wax Worms
Mealworms are an excellent way to add diversity to the diet of your gecko.
Feeding your gecko mealworms can also be easier than crickets as worms can be placed in a food bowl. The food bowl must be smooth though, in order to prevent escape of the worms. Placing the mealworms in a bowl allows the gecko to eat whenever it becomes hungry.
Mealworms are usually stored in the refrigerator.
Leopard geckos enjoy eating wax worms, but the worms are too fatty to be a part of the main diet. Therefore, wax worms make perfect gecko treats and are also a good way to fatten up a female gecko once she has laid eggs.
Remember that it still best to primarily feed your gecko crickets.
Vitamin and mineral supplements are an important aspect of a leopard gecko’s diet.
Calcium is the most important mineral to a gecko and should be available to your gecko at all times by placing a dish with calcium powder in the terrarium.
Crickets should also be coated with calcium powder prior to feeding. For adult geckos, coat the insects 1 to 2 times per week. For babies, juveniles, and breeding females coat the insects daily.
Vitamins are also a necessary part of a healthy gecko diet, but should not be used as frequently or on the same day as calcium. It is recommended that insects be coated with vitamins once every 7 to 10 days.
To coat insects with vitamins or minerals, place them in a bag or cup with the vitamin or mineral powder and then simply shake the container around until all the insects are dusted with powder. Vitamins and minerals can be purchased at your local pet store.
It is always best to check with your local pet store to get advice about your specific gecko.
Your leopard gecko needs to drink water! It is important to keep a shallow dish with water in the leopard gecko’s habitat.
Water dishes can trap and drown crickets, which can be wasteful. Therefore, it is best to use a shallow dish in order to give the insect a better chance of escaping the water dish.
You should clean the dish every few day to help prevent bacteria and fungus from growing in the water and clear out any debris.